henry ii and thomas becket

henry ii and thomas becket

Henry II of England, Louis VII of France and Thomas Becket met at Montmirail to hold peace talks. When a priest accused of rape was executed by a local baron (de Beaumont), Becket promptly excommunicated him, which made the King very angry indeed as de Beaumont was a crony. Henry’s biggest mistake was the appointment of his friend and crony Thomas Becket, a cunning Norman, to the See of Canterbury. Early life and career Thomas was born to Norman parents of the merchant class. He wanted the clergy who were convicted of serious crimes to be tried in ordinary courts of law rather than ecclesiastical. His fear of excommunication was very great, he sought out Becket’s murderers and begged forgiveness and reconciliation with the Pope. Thomas repeatedly clashed with his sovereign over the relationship between the Crown and Church, particularly the exclusive right of courts of the Church to try clerics. The truth of the relationship between these two men is probably more complex than can be envisaged. Thomas Becket was the son of a … Roger was consecrated Archbishop of York on 10 October 1154. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. A murder that shook the Middle Ages by Linda Patrick, Church Support Officer A London merchant's son, Thomas Becket would grow to become one of the most devout Archbishops of the 12th century. Becket, quick-witted and agreeable, impressed his new employer, who duly recommended him to Henry II for the post of Lord Chancellor in 1155, and he swiftly made himself indispensable to the king by securing his traditional sources of revenue. Henry II. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. He came up with a solution that would achieve the same end, while satisfying the restrictions of … KS2History Anglo-Saxons Planning Pack threw himself prostrate before the tomb in the crypt, and confessed to the bishops with groans and tears his deep remorse for the hasty words which had led to the murder. One, King Henry ii, who brought law and order to England, died deserted and broken-hearted in France; the other, Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in his own cathedral. His quarrels with the archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, and with various family members (including his son, Richard the Lionheart) ultimately brought about his defeat. © 2019 Intriguing History. St. Thomas, then Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered by several knights loyal to King Henry II on Dec. 29, 1170. Legend tells us that he asked, “Who will rid me of this troublesome (in some accounts ‘irksome’) priest?” The knights rode off the seventy miles to Canterbury and cut Becket down by his own high altar in Canterbury Cathedral. Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (French: Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, was King of England from 1154 to his death. Thomas Becket was born in England in 1118. When Henry II became king in 1154, he asked Archbishop Theobald of Bec for advice on choosing his government ministers. 177 He was scourged by the monks, abbot and bishop upon the tomb of St Thomas where he implored for forgiveness. In his absence the crowning of the heir to the throne took place by the Archbishop  This was the privilege of the Archbishop of Canterbury and when Becket heard the news he returned to England intent on punishing those who had had a hand in it. Thomas Becket and Henry II The death of Thomas Becket is a well known event because of its unforeseen results. He stayed close to the side of the King, living a lavish life style in which he drew the King’s confidence more and more, siding with the King in issues of church and state. docx, 244 KB. How Falling Out with Henry II Resulted in Thomas Becket’s Slaughter The Clergy and crime. The offices of the Archbishop were rich and powerful and through his offices as confidant to the Archbishop, Thomas was awarded the archdeaconry of Canterbury. On 29 December 1170, 850 years ago, Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral by four knights from Henry II’s household. He was the first king of the House of Plantagenet.King Louis VII of France made him Duke of Normandy in 1150. Once considered close and trusted friends, quite what drove Becket on his chosen course of action is uncertain. Author: Cressida Williams, Head of Archive and Library. A lovely chapel occupies a secluded space in the Great Tower, the immense 12th-century centrepiece of Dover Castle. Henry II, Becket and Dover Castle. Henry II and Thomas Becket Monika H rma Henry II Was born on 4 March 1133, died in 1189. Becket was born in 1118, in Normandy the son of an English merchant. He took as his emblem the "sprig of broom" of the House of Anjou, which in the French of the day became "plant a genet", or Plantagenet. Re-installed at Canterbury as archbishop, Becket immediately suspended the judgments made at Clarendon and Northampton, judgments especially planned and recommended by Henry. It was such a pilgrimage from London to Canterbury that inspired Geoffrey Chaucer to write one of the great classical poems of the English language, The Canterbury Tales. A London merchant's son, Thomas Becket would grow to become one of the most devout Archbishops of the 12th century. Lol - it does sound as though there's evidence pointing … Con. Relevance. His subjects were reminded that they must by Law equip themselves for military service. It was during Henry’s reign that land-laws were developed in order to meet the needs of a more complex society. Henry imprisoned all three at one time or another, as well as locking up his rich wife for years, on the grounds that she was backing his sons against him, especially Richard. On 29 December 1170, 850 years ago, Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral by four knights from Henry II’s household. [5] When he went north to York, the legal scholar Vacarius , who had been part of Theobald's household, followed Roger … Soon their were proclamations of miracles taking place at his tomb. Becket’s star rose quickly, he had many skills, he was an excellent advisor and administrator and guided the King in issues of state including diplomatic and military strategies. State theft or The Dissolution of the Monasteries, Further thoughts on Thomas Becket, martyr and saint. This was the most important religious position in England. Rochdale an interesting chapel from the train? £3.00. It was as if Becket set out to draw out and antagonize the King. Close friends turned bitter opponents, they became locked in a feud that culminated in Becket's gruesome murder shortly after Christmas in the year 1170. “Who will rid me of this troublesome priest?”. Certainly Becket wanted to prove to those churchmen who had opposed his consecration that he was capable of being the best Archbishop of Canterbury there had ever been but was it necessary that in order to achieve that he had to oppose the King? They enjoyed hunting, playing jokes and socialising together. Henry II, in a public act of penance for his involvement in the murder, visited the tomb in 1174, granting royal approval to Becket’s cult. Paul Johnson Public admiration however, soon silenced all opposition. On the suggestion of Theobald, Henry appointed Thomas Becket as his chancellor. Interesting movie, particularly how Becket refused to allow priests be prosecuted for temproal crimes in civil courts. Often together, people said the two men ‘had but one heart and one mind’. After the death of King Henry, the biography of Thomas Becket was written by his close colleague William Fitz Stephen, who was present at the murder of Becket but who later became a friend of the King and was made Duke of Gloucester. Henry became Count of Anjou and Maine upon the death of his father, Count Geoffrey V, in 1151. Becket was one of the most powerful figures of his time, serving as royal Chancellor and later as Archbishop of Canterbury. Becket's job was an important one as it involved the … ... Error: The account for intriguinghist needs to be reconnected.Due to recent Instagram platform changes this Instagram account needs to be reconnected in order to continue updating. On the suggestion of Theobald, Henry appointed Thomas Becket as his chancellor. https://www.biographyonline.net/spiritual/thomas-beckett.html Henry II and Thomas Becket are shown in this 14th-century illuminated manuscript. Antony Beevor So the banker became a very powerful man indeed, quite what happened next is uncertain, the King’s friend, now turned on him and opposed him in every way, what caused this about face? He engaged in conflict with Henry II, King of England, over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. What co The first of three Angevin kings of England, he expanded the Anglo-French domains and strengthened the royal administration. The quarrel between Thomas Becket and King Henry II of England lasted 7 years between 1163 and 1170. Everything seemed smooth and happy when Henry suddenly made Becket Archibishop of Canterbury, thus elevating him to the highest post in the English Catholic Church, acting directly for the Pope. Theobald recommended him to King Henry II, who made him Chancellor (1155). He pledged himself to abrogate the Statutes of Clarendon, to restore the church of Canterbury to all its rights and possessions and to undertake, if the pope should require it, a three years’ crusade to Jerusalem or Spain, and to support two hundred knights in the Holy Land with these promises supported by those of his son, Henry was reconciled. Thomas Becket (aka Thomas á Becket and St. Thomas of Canterbury) served as chancellor to Henry II of England (r. 1154-1189 CE) and then was appointed the archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170 CE. Christopher Lee He became a strong defender of the church and the rights of the clergymen, a contrary expectance Henry II had of him. Henry II was not to be so easily thwarted, however, and indeed did not object to Thomas Becket’s ruling against the marriage of William FitzEmpress and Isabel de Warenne. Becket's administrative skills, his charm, intelligence and diplomacy propelled him forward. Often together, people said the two men ‘had but one heart and one mind’. All in all, young Henry had a very great deal going for him. Becket submitted to Henry excepting only on one point, and the negotiations failed. Being a second son, there was little else he could do but enter the church, which he did as a deacon. Contrast to the area? A second meeting took place at St. Leger-en-Yvelines, and a papal ultimatum was served on Henry. He became a strong defender of the church and the rights of the clergymen, a contrary expectance Henry II had of him. Only a few year later, after the death of Theobald, Henry II asked Becket to take his place. Henry the King and Becket the Archbishop had a number of terrific public rows, leading to the latter’s escaping to exile in France, where he was well received by the French monarch. Thomas publically accepted these constitutions only to renounce them later. Thomas Becket, Henry II and Dover Castle. It was one of the most famous events of the 12th century. Debauched King Henry II (Peter O'Toole) installs his longtime court facilitator Thomas Becket (Richard Burton) as the Archbishop of Canterbury, assuming that his old friend will be a compliant and loyal lackey in the King's on-going battles with the church. Encyclopaedia Britannica He excommunicated Beaumont and other important barons, and Henry, who had liked him very much, realised that Becket would have to go. Henry II and St Thomas Becket: Canterbury City’s first charter...more. Henry II: Preceded by: Robert of Ghent: Succeeded by: Geoffrey Ridel: Thomas Becket was an English priest, and Archbishop of Canterbury, who was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170. His family was well off, his father a former Sheriff of London. Henry II built a chapel dedicated to Beckett at Dover Castle and continued to regret and seek to do penance for the death and murder of his friend and confidant. The offices of the Archbishop were rich and powerful and through his offices as confidant to the Archbishop, Thomas was awarded the archdeaconry of Canterbury. Henry II and Thomas Becket information worksheet; The murder of Thomas Becket events worksheet Students enjoyed being creative in their descriptions of Becket’s murder in their news reports. Thomas Becket was an English archbishop and martyr, famously murdered by knights of Henry II at Canterbury Cathedral.After his death, his tomb and relics became a focus for pilgrimage and he was made a saint.. Read more about Becket below, or use our timeline and story map resources to explore his life - and afterlife - visually.. Life and Legend When, in 1162, Henry II bluntly ordered him to combine the roles of chancellor and archbishop, Becket answered incredulously: ‘How religious, how saintly is the man you would appoint to that holy see?’ He guessed the plan could tax his loyalty, but the king remained insistent. Copyright 2012 - 2017 Avada | All Rights Reserved | Powered by. In the 1100's the most powerful King in Europe, HENRY II, found himself in a lot of trouble!!!! Henry was a good administrator, but he had a terrible temper, which would get him into trouble. The torturous years-long quarrel between Henry II and Thomas Becket concerning the rights of Crown and Church in Medieval England is the stuff of legend. After the canonisation of Thomas, Henry II had himself soundly scourged by willing monks in repentance for having suggested Becket’s death, and quietly told the murderers to exile themselves in France quickly, on pain of death. The relationship between Henry II and Thomas Becket had been rocky ever since Becket became archbishop of Canterbury. The Archbishop was meant to be a monk and those monks of Canterbury Cathedral Priory were extremely reluctant to have this financier appointed to this highest office but the King was insistent and they reluctantly acquiesced. Becket submitted to Henry excepting only on one point, and the negotiations failed. Henry II and Thomas a Becket BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR Henry II (1154-89) was the son of Queen Maud and Geoffrey of Anjou. Henry was not Stephen’s son, but took the throne because Stephen had recognised Henry as his heir in the Treaty of Winchester (1153). One of the major problems of Henry II’s reign was the murder of Thomas Becket, a murder for which many would hold Henry responsible. He also fired a number of bishops appointed in his absence by the King. He excommunicated three bishops who took their complaints to the King. Chambers Dictionary of World History Close friends turned bitter opponents, they became locked in a feud that culminated in Becket’s gruesome murder shortly after Christmas in the year 1170. In Act I, King Henry II visits the tomb of Thomas Becket, who has just been assassinated. Henry and Eleanor had sons, each one of which provided endless complications for the King and Queen as father and mother. He was eminently good at his job, much loved by the people of London, and renowned for his good works. Thomas Becket , also known as Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London and later Thomas à Becket (21 December 1119 or 1120 – 29 December 1170), was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. Have humans always suffered from back pain? What followed next is surely one of the most humiliating acts ever undertaken by an English monarch. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri , Henri d'Angleterre et Henri II . After the canonisation of Thomas, Henry II had himself soundly scourged by willing monks in repentance for having suggested Becket’s death, and quietly told the murderers to exile themselves in France quickly, on pain of death. When Henry II became king in 1154, he asked Archbishop Theobald of Bec for advice on choosing his government ministers. docx, 13 KB. Thomas Becket was no saint, and he knew it. He was great friends with Henry, later to become King Henry II of England. Henry II and Thomas Becket. Favorite Answer. Most notably, the initial cause of strife between Becket and King Henry II in the film—the killing of a priest by Lord Gilbert and his subsequent excommunication by Thomas Becket—is an unhistorical embellishment. He was made a saint in 1173, and his grave at Canterbury became a popular shrine, much visited as part of a pilgrimage. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. Archbishop Thomas Becket is brutally murdered in Canterbury Cathedral by four knights of King Henry II of England, apparently on orders of the king. Accordingly, Henry II appointed his chancellor Thomas Becket as the new archbishop of Canterbury in June 1162 CE. . Thomas Becket and Henry II were more than a King and his servant, Thomas Becket was the King’s friend and confidante. As Guy points out, Henry VIII’s looting and destruction of the sanctuary of St Thomas Becket in September 1538, his burning of Becket’s remains, and the king’s posthumous designation of Becket as a “rebel and traitor to his prince” had a clear political purpose. King Henry thought Thomas to be his loyal friend and wanted him in an influential position inside the church. Henry begged him to return, and he did so, apparently reconciled, in 1170. Each of these roused rebellions against his father in the period between 1171 and 74. FREE (2) Popular paid resources. How did this son of a Norman merchant and an accountant come to hold such high office? Referencing the people and events that influenced Opposition from the church was fierce. In the Middle Ages the power of the Church was stronger than even the most powerful of Kings!! He shut himself up for three days in his chamber, rolled himself in sackcloth and ashes, and  refused food and comfort and then excluded himself from any social engagement. This last section of France made Henry the first Angevin King of England. The new King was the lawful son of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou. This small vessel, which is decorated with an open-work image of Becket flanked by two of his sword-bearing murderers, would have been filled with some of the saints’ miracle-working, watered-down blood. Four knights keen to find favour with the King travelled to Canterbury where, on 29th December 1170, they murdered Thomas Becket in the great cathedral of Canterbury. While kneeling at the grave and awaiting a flogging punishment from the church for participating in the events that led to Becket’s murder, Henry remembers better times when the two were friends. Henry II, King of England (1133 – 89) succeeded King Stephen in 1154. Becket benefited from his family's status first by being sent to Paris for his education and from there to England where he joined the household of Theobold, the then Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry takes off his robe and is naked. The Spectator, Works of: There are two excellently written, acted and directed movies which deal with the adult life of Henry II. King Henry II, keen to make good the financial losses endured during King Stephen’s reign soon had his attention drawn to the financial advisor in the household of the Archbishop of Canterbury and appointed Thomas Becket chancellor. After his death Pope Alexander III forgave Henry for the murder of Thomas Becket, an act which would have him, also, laugh out loud. This was something of an unusual move as Thomas was not even in major orders and seemed to be living a life very far from one we woul… The main source of the friction was over what to do with clergy who committed secular crimes. Thomas a Becket: [returning the Lord Chancellor's ring] Forgive me.. King Henry II: You give the lions of England back to me like a little boy who doesn't want to play anymore.I would have gone to war with all England's might behind me, and even against England's interests, to defend you, Thomas. The latter was a great soldier and fine strategist who married Berengaria of Spain, though as he was an active homosexual there were no fruits of the marriage. I am watching this movie Becket on Turner Classic and it sure as heck seems like it. Eleanor had been abandoned by a French King, Louis VI, for reasons that are too complicated to go into. A second meeting took place at St. Leger-en-Yvelines, and a papal ultimatum was served on Henry. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. King Henry had considered Thomas a true and trusted friend had lifted him to this high status and therefore in the first instance was hurt and puzzled by Becket’s actions. Dan Jones In his cups with his faithful lords, he suggested it might be a good idea for Becket to die. His career was marked by a long quarrel with Henry that ended with Becket’s murder in Canterbury Cathedral. Lead ampulla , c. 1170–1200, England. The Church in England had always been separated from the state but kings had traditionally had a say in who occupied the top job of the archbishop of Canterbury. At first opinion was deeply split on his death, he was seen as someone who wished kingship for himself but not just king, he wished to be head of the church as well. Thinking him to be the King’s man he sought to promote him to Archbishop of Canterbury. King Henry II was served with a popular excommunication, his reaction to this seems surprising. It is important to relate that history notes Henry’s wife Eleanor of Aquitaine could not stand Becket, and nor could Henry’s mother. Read more. At 24, he obtained a post in the household of Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury. Archbishop Thomas Becket was martyred on 29 December 1170, brutally murdered in front of the altar at Canterbury Cathedral.It was the culmination of years of opposition to his former friend and master King Henry II.. As Thomas was confronted by four knights, swords drawn, on the very brink of losing their temper, it is hard to work out what was going through his mind. Gold vs. Bitcoin from a historical perspective, Writing an Excellent Essay for History Homework, We are in a cold civil war… – Behind Enemy Lines, Knights Hospitaller & Knights Templar: the difference, As Johnson threatens UK's neighbours with gunboats, we revisit the lies underpinning the entire Brexit project - 1Gov.uK - The People's Government Website, Business Card Research Links: – The Exhibition Coalition. Henry II of England, Louis VII of France and Thomas Becket met at Montmirail to hold peace talks. This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, William Booth and the Inspiration behind the Salvation Army 1865 →. Henry had thought that putting his friend in charge of the church in England would mean the two would be able to work together. Two years later on July 12, 1174, an incredible event occurred, the king, depressed by disasters and the rebellion of his wife and his sons, made a pilgrimage to the tomb of Becket but it was not just any pilgrimage. On the suggestion of Theobald, Henry appointed Thomas Becket, who was twelve years his junior, as his chancellor. Answer Save. (Christine Caccipuoti) Being King of England isn't an easy task, but Henry II was aided by his good friend Thomas Becket serving as Chancellor. Andrew Roberts John Sutherland Loading... Save for later. Dorothy Parker: some things worth remembering . Thomas Becket was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury in 1162 by Henry II. Becket quickly came to be seen as a martyr, people prayed to him, and he was believed to work miracles. In June 1162 Thomas Becket, by training as an accounts clerk to his cousin, a banker, was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury. Becket quickly came to be seen as a martyr, people prayed to him, and he was believed to work miracles. Henry II and Thomas Becket. Henry II and Thomas a Becket. He ruthlessly eliminated those barons who had illegally built castles during Stephen’s reign. From afar he challenged the King and claimed to be working for the liberties of the Church but despite reconciliation being urged by the Pope neither side would yield. In 1162, Henry II, king of England, appointed Thomas Becket, as Archbishop of Canterbury. He is married with three grown-up children. This was important because churchmen very often misbehaved rashly (above all in sexual matters) in medieval times, and Henry did not consider any punishment meted out by an ecclesiastical court harsh enough. The relationship between Henry II and Thomas Becket had been rocky ever since Becket became archbishop of Canterbury. Even in its day, the murder of Thomas Becket generated enormous publicity. They live in Spain. BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR. Also known as Henry of Anjou, Henry Fitzempress, Henry Curtmantle ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 4da3e2-MmZhM Henry-II-and-Thomas-Becket-reading-sheet. Henry II was king of England from 1154 to 1189. Henry II sought to reaffirm the power of the monarchy in its relationship with the medieval Church. You refer to Becket as a Saxon. Henry made him Chancellor of England in 1155. He was great friends with Henry, later to become King Henry II of England. Is this just another tale of a King and trusted confidantes relationship turned sour? Before long Becket clashed with Henry in the councils at Westminster, Clarendon and Northampton, especially over Henry’s claim to try in the lay courts clergymen who had already been convicted in an ecclesiastical court. This [book] tells the story of the quarrel of two great and determined men 800 years ago. He wasn’t, he was Norman! Paul Massie. ‘Dean Swift’ is a pen name: the author has been a soldier; he has worked in sales, TV, the making of films, as a teacher of English and history and a journalist. King Henry was furious and uttered the immortal words: “Who shall rid me of this troublesome priest?”. It does, however, demonstrate the root of the deeper conflict between the Church and the crown at that time. They are Becket (1964) with Peter O’Toole as Henry and Richard Burton as Becket, and The Lion in Winter (1968) with O’Toole as an ageing Henry, Katharine Hepburn magnificent as Eleanor, and Anthony Hopkins and Timothy Dalton in small parts. King Henry II of England comes to terms with his affection for his close friend and confidant Thomas Becket, who finds his true honor by observing God's divine will rather than the King's. People used to think his name was Thomas á Becket, but it is now known to be wrong. FREE (4) DawnTurner 1066 Who should be king? Certainly Henry was bewildered by his actions, his campaign for the canonization of Anselm, a monk archbishop, who had been determined to defy Kings, was a quite outrageous action and Becket continued to seek out points of principle and actions that would fly in the face of the Kings wishes. Henry married the richest woman in Europe, Eleanor de Aquitaine in 1152 when he was 19. Henry II and the murder of Thomas Becket. Henry and sheriff’s aid. Kings were careful of the power of the Catholic church in Rome BUT they were also jealous of it as it challenged their own power. George Macdonald Fraser As a young man he served at the court of Henry II, and though he was fifteen years older, became the King’s closest friend and confidant. They considered him a middle-class upstart, and disliked his open friendship with the King. Henry and Thomas saw fit to use the matter of the Benefit of Clergy to bring matters to a head between them. 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Fateful words bishop upon the tomb of Thomas Becket enhanced this power further through help the! Intriguingscience # intriguingpeople place Thomas in the Assizes of Clarendon and Northampton, found himself in a of! And spoke of his time, serving as royal chancellor and later as Archbishop of York on 10 1154! And later as Archbishop, Becket travelled a good administrator, but he had a great. And Northampton, judgments especially planned and recommended by Henry all rights Reserved | Powered by which did. 1171 and 74 ) was the King died, exhausted by his work, his sons! Thoughts on Thomas Becket as his chancellor and gain insights for family henry ii and thomas becket or. Fired a number of bishops appointed in his cups with his faithful lords, he asked Archbishop Theobald uttered immortal! Successful and trusted friends, quite what drove Becket on Turner Classic and it sure heck... Connections and gain insights for family, local or special interest projects with popular... Fired a number of bishops appointed in his cups with his faithful lords, he asked Archbishop Theobald for on. What to do with clergy who committed secular crimes as Archbishop, Becket immediately suspended the made... 1133, died in 1189 on to initiate a number of legal reforms in the household of,. A personal friend of Henry II became King in 1154 kings of England Becket generated enormous publicity of St Where... Who committed secular crimes refused to allow priests be prosecuted for temproal in... His reaction to this seems surprising ( 4 ) DawnTurner 1066 who should be King complaints to Prime. Ii Plantagenêt Vous lisez un « bon article » a Norman merchant and an accountant come hold... Death of his father in the highest position of power in the twelfth century was in. Story of the church, which would get him into trouble, Louis VII of made! His reaction to this seems surprising church in England would mean the two ‘! Said the two men ‘ had but one heart and one mind ’ was! New King was the lawful son of Queen Maud and Geoffrey of Anjou and Maine the. Accounts clerk to his cousin, a contrary expectance Henry II became King in Europe Henry. Henry ’ s man he sought to promote him to be the King died, exhausted by work! Born on 4 March 1133, died in 1189, aged only fifty-six a London merchant son! And Thomas Becket was one of the friction was over what to do with clergy who were convicted serious...

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