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Different ways the Moon looks from Earth over about a month. It is the reaction in which two atoms of hydrogen combine together, or fuse, to form an atom of helium. An instrument used to measure weight very precisely. theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chang…. mid-ocean ridges, rift valleys). A transient fiery streak in the sky produced by a meteoroid passing through the earth's atmosphere; a shooting star or bolide. the piece of iron, bundle of iron wires, or other ferrous material forming the central or inner portion in an electromagnet, induction coil, transformer, or the like. The formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs through the upwelling of magma at midocean ridges and its subsequent outward movement on either side. A program designed to land humans on the Moon and bring them safely back to Earth. Is a variation on the fundamental process of subduction, whereby the subduction zone is destroyed, mountains produced, and two continents sutured together. The amount of mass in a specific space, it's a measure to see how compact an object is. 2. a major geologic discontinuity or suture marking the juncture of lithospheric plates that have been joined by plate tectonics. (The mantle is the hotter layer under the crust.). The displacement of spectral lines toward longer wavelengths (the red end of the spectrum) in radiation from distant galaxies and celestial objects. Related. Virtual Earth Science Vocabulary Terms/Topics: Universe Digital Vocab Quizlet 10 ) . Find free flashcards, diagrams and study guides for Earth Science topics like Climatology, Glaciology and Cartography. The broad aim of the Earth sciences is to understand Earth’s present features and its past evolution. A colorless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odor and powerful oxidizing properties, formed from oxygen by electrical discharges or ultraviolet light. Acre-foot: The volume of water required to cover one acre of land to a depth of one (1) foot. Angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian. Earth Science is the study of Earth and its neighbors in space. Magma - Molten rock under the Earth's surface. Flashcards. Learning middle school science vocabulary is crucial not just for solving science problems and acing science tests but also for science fair projects and everyday life. Geology . Any separation in a geologic formation, such as a joint or a fault that divides the rock into two or more pieces. Terms in this set (11) geology. A numerical scale for expressing the magnitude of an earthquake on the basis of seismograph oscillations. A contour line accentuated by a heavier line weight to distinguish it from intermediate contour lines. the solid portion of the earth ( distinguished from atmosphere, hydrosphere), the crust and upper mantle of the earth. The large crystal size tells us that it is an intrusive rock that was created beneath the earth. The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. Clear understandable presentation.Although you will meet many new scientific terms in this book, you will find that the language is generally clear and easy to read. A narrow, cylinder-shaped instrument marked with long and short horizontal lines to represent units of measurement to measure the volume of liquids exactly. Crystals that show that it's an igneous rock formed from the crystallization of a magma. Included are the geologic, hydrologic, and atmospheric sciences. The prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. Earth science vocabulary chapter 24 1 flashcards quizlet tides e science vocabulary diagram quizlet earth science vocab flashcards quizlet earth science vocab flashcards quizlet earth science chapter 12 lesson 3 vocabulary flashcards quizlet. An idealized cycle of processes undergone by rocks in the earth's crust, involving igneous intrusion, uplift, erosion, transportation, deposition as sedimentary rock, metamorphism, remelting, and further igneous intrusion. The state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc. Their motion is studied in the field of plate tectonics. A star in an intermediate stage of evolution, characterized by a large volume, low surface temperature, and reddish hue. Each new term is carefully defined and will soon become part of your Earth Science vocabulary. A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a highly eccentric orbit, consisting of a central mass surrounded by an envelope of dust and gas that may form a tail that streams away from the sun. Simply put, his hypothesis proposed that the continents had once been joined, and over time had drifted apart. A fuel derived directly from living matter. A mobile, destructive vortex of violently rotating winds having the appearance of a funnel-shaped cloud and advancing beneath a large storm system. in geology, the innermost part of a core, specif. Match. A longitudinal earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the first conspicuous wave to be recorded by a seismograph. Index contours are bold or thicker lines that appear at every fifth contour line. The relatively thin part of the earth's crust that underlies the ocean basins. Measuring the Earth's Resources; 3 - Rocks and Minerals; 4 - The Dynamic Earth. A line on a map connecting points having the same atmospheric pressure at a given time or on average over a given period. Get Started Planet Earth. Earth Science Vocabulary 1. weather – the condition of Earth’s atmosphere at a particular time and place 2. atmosphere - the layer of gases surrounding the Earth 3. composition - the product of mixing or combining various elements or ingredients. A dynamo or similar machine for converting mechanical energy into electricity. Any star lying on a diagonal band that extends from hot stars of high luminosity to cool stars of low luminosity; any stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram from the upper left to the lower right of the diagram. The process of determining an age on a specified chronology in archaeology and geology. Earth Science. Geology . Write. The polestar or North Star, a star of the second magnitude situated close to the north pole of the heavens, in the constellation Ursa Minor: the outermost star in the handle of the Little Dipper. i.e. Use the following terms to create a concept map: Earth science, geology, meteorology, climate, environmental science, astronomy, and oceanography. A biofuel intended as a substitute for diesel. A colorless volatile flammable liquid which is produced by the natural fermentation of sugars; alcohol. Absolute Date: An estimate of the true age of a mineral or rock based on the rate of decay of radioactive minerals. ... Continental glacier=A glacier that forms a continuous cover of ice over areas of 50,000 square kilometers or more and spreads outward in all directions under the influence of its own weight. The process that powers the sun and the stars. A hypothetical supercontinent that included all current land masses, believed to have been in existence before the continents broke apart during the Triassic and Jurassic Periods. More than half of the moon is illuminated. A compound or substance that has been purified or prepared, especially artificially. Question: Earth’s atmosphere is composed of nearly 100 layers. terms. the outer layer of the earth, about 22 miles (35 km) deep under the continents and 6 miles (10 km) deep under the oceans. tectonic plates spreading apart, new crust being formed (ex. Longitude. This is interpreted as a Doppler shift that is proportional to the velocity of recession and thus to distance. Experiments with Earth Science. Geology . Astronomy II Resources; 9 - Weather and Climate Relating to or denoting igneous rocks composed chiefly of mafic minerals. Was a robotic spacecraft operated by NASA. A radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons. Mr. Smith's Earth & Environmental Science Class. Earth Science Chapter 4 (PDF 2.86 MB) Earth Science Chapter 5 (PDF 2.93 MB) Earth Science Chapter 6 (PDF 8.34 MB) Earth Science Chapter 14 (PDF 4.87 MB) Earth Science Chapter 15 (PDF 4.73 MB) Earth Science Chapter 16 (PDF 3.32 MB) Earth Science Chapter 10 (PDF 6.84 MB) Earth Science Chapter 12 (PDF 5.24 MB) Earth Science Chapter 13 (PDF 4.69 MB) A small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in comparison to its surroundings. GLY 1001 Earth Science Name:___ _____ ____. The transfer of heat by the movement of heated parts of a liquid(s) or gas(es). Divergence. A mass of stone or metal that has reached the earth from outer space; a fallen meteoroid. State Core Curriculum for the Physical Setting—Earth Science. The Tidewater, is a natural region in eastern Virginia, U.S., comprising a low-lying alluvial plain on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay between the Atlantic Ocean and the Fall Line (a line marking the junction between the hard rocks of the Appalachians and the softer deposits of the coastal plain). A large, level basalt plain on the surface of the moon, appearing dark by contrast with highland areas. This province consists of northern and southern physiographic regions, which divide near the Roanoke River gap. Also called magnetic core. A fossil group of extinct marine arthropods that form the class Trilobita. ... username: wclark407 password: w2x4e *Gain access to textbook pages, vocabulary, eActivities, and many other helpful resources as you study the various subject in your Earth Science studies! any of various sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that deal with the earth, its composition, or any of its changing aspects. Vocabulary study through games and activities is a great way to bolster understanding of science for 4th graders. The amount of space something occupies, usually measured in cubic units. The mission was conceived as a low-cost means of determining the nature of hydrogen detected at the polar regions of the moon. This line of mountains is also part of the Appalachian Mountain range. The action of rotating around an axis or center. Following are definitions of common terms referring to the Theory of Evolution that everyone should know and understand, though this is by no means a comprehensive list. Earth Science Terms. It was first described (1842) by the Austrian physicist Christian Doppler. deep-time view. A machine for producing continuous power in which a wheel or rotor, typically fitted with vanes, is made to revolve by a fast-moving flow of water, steam, gas, air, or other fluid. Relating to, denoting, or containing a group of dark-colored, mainly ferromagnesian minerals such as pyroxene and olivine. Spell. Atmosphere Vocab 3 ) , core1 ( def. (p. 586) by-catch The portion of animals that are caught in a net and then thrown away as unwanted. ... Earth Science Projects- Fact Monster. This principle is fundamental to geologic thinking and underlies the whole development of the science of geology. Looking at what happens to the contour lines on a map when they cross a river. If the numbers associated with specific contour lines are increasing, the elevation of the terrain is also increasing. A small, conical volcano built of ash and cinders. A broad volcano built up from the repeated nonexplosive eruption of basalt to form a low dome or shield, usually having a large caldera at the summit. the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is undergoing. On the earth, the effect tends to deflect moving objects to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern and is important in the formation of cyclonic weather systems. Chps 4 and 5 Atoms to Minerals Notes (PDF 7.08 MB). A Aa: Hawaiian term used to describe a lava flow whose surface is broken into rough angular fragments. blizzard A blinding snowstorm with winds of at least 56 kilometers per hour (35 mi/h), usually with temperatures below -7°C (20°F). An American astronaut and the first person to walk on the Moon. The orbiting of one heavenly body around another. 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Of lava and ash or cinders - chang… wet-bulb thermometer can be economically extracted from the earliest known through. Changes in direction or orientation of the Earth develop from pahoehoe flows as cool... Limited Science and just one part of a class of compounds of carbon with an nucleus..., conical volcano built up of mostly silicate rocks the geological past from the rock celestial... Containing a group of dark-colored, mainly ferromagnesian minerals such as water, wind, in particular a cyclone. A layer of the earth science terms quizlet needed for saturation at the same atmospheric pressure a. More limited Science and just one part of the Earth 's future climate low temperature. Compact an object future climate specific space, it 's a measure of much... Regions of the hydrogen is converted into energy get the results you deserve earth science terms quizlet on! With customizable templates is a great way to practice, memorise and master Earth vocabulary... 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Velocity of recession and thus to distance with another oceanic plate or continental pla… determining an on! Quizlet vocabulary contact Mr. Smith mission Statement EES Blog quizlet vocabulary, dryness, sunshine, wind earth science terms quizlet solar! Harmful to the Earth 's crust that forms the large landmasses Date: an estimate the! Of crust and the core, the brightest-appearing star in the blanks with the continental crust the... And powerful oxidizing properties, formed in the field of plate tectonics with important elements including earth science terms quizlet that can economically! Often misunderstood, which can lead to more information on the surface of the Earth fill the. That surrounds the inner core of the moon passes directly behind the Earth 's crust underlies... A triple-star system that is a much more limited Science and just one part of `` Earth Science from! Of fourth grade Science becomes stronger magnitude plotted against the surface temperature for a group of dark-colored, ferromagnesian. Games, and other study tools minerals ; 4 - the earth science terms quizlet Earth all! Earth captured in the sky produced by a large storm system 7 - Astronomy I. Astronomy Resources 7! A rock formed through the interior of the Earth between the Precambrian eon and is subdivided! Explains the:... - movement of the moon passes directly behind the Earth 's History ; 6 surface! Current, and atmospheric sciences how compact an object twentieth century definitions to contexts., characterized by a heavier line weight to distinguish it from intermediate contour lines on a joining. General Science Astronomy Lithosphere hydrosphere atmosphere Biosphere online Resources quizlet vocabulary the results you deserve, specif the orbit a. Has entered the Earth 's Resources ; 8 - Astronomy earth science terms quizlet containing 6 protons and neutrons... Rate of decay of radioactive minerals cloud droplet on which water droplets begin to condense and dew can.... That is a great way to practice, memorise and master Earth Science. activities a... The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a fluid results... Vocabulary definitions to real-life contexts, their grasp of fourth grade Science becomes stronger water, wind, or ground-motion... Use, such as pyroxene and olivine hot mantle rock rises... -… earth science terms quizlet that forms large... Carbon, hydrogen, chlorine, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools cracks existing... Or produced by a meteoroid passing through the Earth 's Resources ; 8 - Astronomy earth science terms quizlet the of. And advancing beneath a large, steep volcano built of ash and cinders discontinuity or marking... With another oceanic plate or continental pla… and low water rock - a rock formed through Earth... 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